IRS Provides Tax Inflation Adjustments for Tax Year 2020

IRS Provides Tax Inflation Adjustments for Tax Year 2020

Last week, the IRS announced the new annual inflation adjustments for over sixty tax provisions for the year 2020.  It is important to note that the tax year 2020 adjustments are generally used on tax returns filed in 2021.

The tax items for tax year 2020 of greatest interest to most taxpayers include the following dollar amounts:

  • The standard deduction for married filing jointly rises to $24,800 for tax year 2020, up $400 from the prior year. For single taxpayers and married individuals filing separately, the standard deduction rises to $12,400 for 2020, up $200, and for heads of households, the standard deduction will be $18,650 for tax year 2020, up $300.
  • The personal exemption for tax year 2020 remains at 0, as it was for 2019; this elimination of the personal exemption was a provision in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
  • Marginal Rates: For tax year 2020, the top tax rate remains 37% for individual single taxpayers with incomes greater than $518,400 ($622,050 for married couples filing jointly). The other rates are:
    • 35%, for incomes over $207,350 ($414,700 for married couples filing jointly);
    • 32% for incomes over $163,300 ($326,600 for married couples filing jointly);
    • 24% for incomes over $85,525 ($171,050 for married couples filing jointly);
    • 22% for incomes over $40,125 ($80,250 for married couples filing jointly);
    • 12% for incomes over $9,875 ($19,750 for married couples filing jointly).

The lowest rate is 10% for incomes of single individuals with incomes of $9,875 or less ($19,750 for married couples filing jointly).

  • For 2020, as in 2019 and 2018, there is no limitation on itemized deductions, as that limitation was eliminated by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

For further information, refer to the IRS’ Revenue Procedure 2019-44 linked below, or the news article from the IRS that summarizes the key changes.

 

https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/rp-19-44.pdf  (IRS publication)

https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/irs-provides-tax-inflation-adjustments-for-tax-year-2020  (IRS news article)

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